Structure Brick

For many years we have supplied beautiful brick veneer for structures across the country. The structural engineer is given the task of designing a building taking into consideration the dead-load of the brick veneer (35 lbs. per/SF). The coefficient of expansion for brick is very different compared to the super-structure that supports it. The veneer does not have the ability to resist wind-loads, requiring a rigid backup wall to provide flexural strength.  It sometimes becomes a complex calculation that leaves one wondering; why can’t brick be load-bearing? Now they can. As the old adage says, “less is more,” and engineered Structure Brick™ provides multiple functions with fewer components. It is an aesthetic product, a load-bearing component, and an enclosure as the building envelope. Structure Brick™ is the combination of using materials made from basic raw materials, high-tech engineering design and modern-day production techniques. It is a flexible, sustainable, maintenance-free building system.

Brick that is manufactured to meet ASTM C-652 specifications are cored, providing ample room to insert reinforcement bars and grout to strengthen the wall. By allowing this, it can be engineered to resist the many loading conditions that may exist (compression, deflection, shear, wind, seismic, live loads, floor loads, etc.)  The brick becomes a vital contributor to the project by providing an economical alternative to traditional building techniques.

Structure Brick™ at Watsontown Brick Company is a through wall unit 8” deep by 4” face height x 16” in length. Engineered hollow clay masonry has been proven through the decades of engineering research, and is currently outlined in the ASTM and the IBC. Watsontown Brick Company has the expertise to help the designer and contractor. For many years, this concept has been used for a variety of applications and provided solutions to numerous construction complications. As engineering models have progressed, the use of through wall units has grown in popularity and has been used to grace the façade of practically every type of building commonly constructed. They have been used to build car washes, recreation centers, storage units, convenient stores, drug stores, grocery stores, movie theatres, fire stations, medical facilities, police stations, branch banks, retail centers, office/warehouse space, industrial buildings, hotels, sporting facilities, schools, site walls, dumpster enclosures, signage, pedestrian bridges, blast-resistant federal courthouses, apartment/condominium units, churches and many others types of structures.

  • gives structure, exterior surface finish and interior surface finish in one wall
  • can be designed to do many tasks:  wind-bearing curtain-wall, load-bearing structural wall, shear wall, blast resistant enclosure,  all of which are fire resistant
  • does not require any type of structural backup system, steel angles or perimeter beams- steel stud walls become partition walls carrying drywall loads only
  • economical and provides outstanding durability that is long-lasting
  • can be incorporated into the interior for fire protection, sound abatement and maintenance-free durability
  • requires less support footing because the wall thickness is reduced and the load is concentrated
  • significantly reduces construction times, as the mason only has to build one wall verses two when using CMU backup
  • reduces interim financing as a result of a reduced construction schedule
  • allows design strengths (f’m) up to 4000 psi
  • adds additional interior floor space – the location of the wall, located just beyond the floor slab and/or perimeter columns, frees up slab space for sale or rental income
  • offers the architect design flexibility
  • low life cycle cost
  • eliminates the need for steel shelf angles at floors and over windows/doors and eliminates additional reinforcing in slab edge (Structure Brick™ can be designed to span various openings without steel support; the reinforcement bars coupled with the compression in the brick practically resist the deflection)
  • can be designed in conjunction with other type of walls
  • based on design, the head joints are subjected to compression loading, sealing up shrinkage cracks in the mortar, reducing the amount of moisture penetration to be managed
  • requires minimal connections to the super-structure reducing thermal bridging as compared to brick veneer that need many connections
  • provides a single load path for the dead-load, generated by the weight of the mass masonry, from parapet to foundation as high as any brick building has been designed
  • works with conventional windows and doors
  • requires less expansion joints than conventional veneer due to the reinforcing. (joints can be placed at 50-60 ft. on-center depending on the length of the wall)
  • pressure equalizes with the use of vents to help keep air moving in the cavity and moisture from settling in a particular place

Colors and Technical Test Reports

All engineering data shown is for informational purposes only. Do not design from, or establish
permitted construction documents using said information. The material is provided as a launching point for engineered clay masonry design using Structure Brick™ units manufactured by Watsontown Brick Company.

For any questions and/or concerns, contact Watsontown Brick Company at 570 538 2555.